plant image thumbnail
plant image thumbnail
plant image thumbnail
plant image thumbnail
Cayenne Pepper

English Name

Capsicum Annum

Scientific Name

Description

This orange red spice is the hottest member of the Capsicum family. There are many varieties with fruits of different shapes and colours. When Christopher Columbus reached Central America, he found that the Mexicans made use of chillies to flavour meat and fish. He liked them so much that when he sailed for home he took their seeds which were later sown in the Portuguese East Indies.

Mexico

Origin

Solanaceae

Family

50°F - 70°F

Temperature (°F)

70°F - 73°F

Germination Temperature (°F)

21 days - 30 days

Germination Period

8" - 10"

Height (feet/inches)

Annual

Life Cycle

Winter

Season

None

Fragrance

Color

Watering

Water daily in Spring and Summer, but pot should not stand in water. Reduce watering to once a week when flowering and fruit is forming.

Feeding

Feed weekly from Spring and Summer until fruit forms. Stop feeding until following season.

Repotting

Re-pot in early Spring into a pot of maximum 5 inch. Plant produces more fruit if roots are slightly crowded.

Germination

Sow seeds on surface of seed compost. Do not cover seed tray and keep it in lit place.

Propagation

Start from seeds in Spring and Summer.

Cultivation

The oval fruits are edible. Once they are ripe they can be allowed to hang on the plant for about 2 weeks.

Pruning

In Spring pinch out the growing tip to make the plant grow bushier.

Tips

For poor circulation and chilblains in cold weather, tea made with 1/8 of a teaspoon crushed Cayenne to 1 cup of water can be added to a small amount of water and used as a hand or foot bath. Do not use on broken skin -- it hurts.

Care

Capsicum needs good light at least 4 hours direct sunlight from a south window to accomplish heavy blossoming and fruit. Even small plants set fruit. Discard after fruiting, save seeds from them. Watch out for greenfly.

Decorate

They make attractive windowsill or a tabletop decorations. Keep away from small children.

Humidity

Spray twice weekly with soft tepid water.

Soil

Peat based compost.



Did you know?

Most plant cells look like little boxes full of green disks. The disks are called chloroplasts. Other organelles inside a plant cell include a nucleus (where the DNA is kept), a large central vacuole (where water and other materials are stored) and a complex internal skeleton or cytoskeleton made of various proteins.