Ficus Benjamina is a highly attractive house-plant and is very easy to look after. It has glossy green leaves and is a very strong grower when conditions are to its liking.
Water the plant not more than twice a week in Summer and once every 10 days in Winter. Rain-water is ideal. Allow the top of the compost to dry out between waterings.
Feed monthly from Spring to Autumn with liquid house-plant food.
Re-pot in Spring when plant is young and if pot is too big just change topsoil annually.
Take cuttings 3-4 inches long from mid Spring to early Summer in seed and cutting compost at room temperature. Or air-layering from early to mid Summer.
Ficus Benjamina requires warmth in winter, and needs good but indirect light. Avoid over-watering in Winter. The white variegated forms are more sensitive than the green ones, and should not be exposed to sudden drops in temperature. Young and medium-sized plants need to be supported by a strong bamboo cane.
Prune in Spring when active new growth begins. Cut sloping down from just above a bud. Overlong stems can be trimmed back in Autumn if necessary.
If the plant dries out and the leaves fall off, don't throw it away, they'll soon grow back again.
Ficus do not like over-potting and are quite good in a pot that looks too small for it. A 5 inch pot will hold a 3 feet high Ficus plant quite happily. One of the problems with the Ficus Benjamina is, they shed their leaves when being moved from one place to another until they eventually settle down. The leaves may also turn brown and fall off if the growing location is not in sufficient light.
In a hallway or foyer. Ficus Benjamina cleans indoor pollution, it absorbs Formaldehyde.
Mist with tepid rain water in Summer.
Peat-based compost for young plants and rich soil-based compost for large and shrubby species.
The first potatoes were cultivated in Peru about 7,000 years ago.