There are over 200 species of annual and perennial plants in the flax genus. Linum usitatissimum is one of the oldest medicinal plants. It is grown for its linseed oil which is used in paint industry and also for protecting wood. It is a tall plant, with a solitary stem covered with numerous linear leaves and bright blue flowers. Today the seed oil is regarded as an important source of essential fatty acids, which show great potential in battling heart disease, cancer and hormonal ailments.
Keep the fresh seeds in the freezer. To make the oil, grind seeds in a coffee mill. Use the oil immediately, since it will turn rancid within 15 minutes. Take a spoonful or add to cereals, salads and sauces. The seeds also seem to regulate hormone production and may stabilize menstrual cycles, help treat fertility problems and lower risks of both ovarian and breast cancer.
Good fertile soil.
Carrots actually come in a range of colours. White and yellow carrots come from Europe, and purple ones come from the Middle East. The orange ones are a fairly recent invention, created by crossing various other colours.