plant image thumbnail
plant image thumbnail
plant image thumbnail
plant image thumbnail
Bergamot

English Name

Monarda

Scientific Name

Description

Monarda is an attractive flowering perennial that grows wild in woodlands and by streams. It is also a cultivated ornamental garden plant. The species commonly grown in gardens is Monarda Didyma. The plant's medicinal properties were well known by Native American tribes who extracted and inhaled its oil to soothe bronchial complaints.

North America

Origin

Lamiaceae

Family

59°F - 70°F

Germination Temperature (°F)

10 days - 1 month 10 days

Germination Period

1'4" - 4'

Height (feet/inches)

Hardy Perennial

Life Cycle

Summer & Autumn

Seasons

Yes

Fragrance

Colors

Environments

Outdoor, Shade, Full Sun & Bedding

Watering

Water copiously if the Summer is hot and dry.

Feeding

Feed with general fertilizer in Spring.

Propagation

To keep the plants vigorous, lift, divide and then re-plant the clumps every 3 years in Autumn or Spring.

Cultivation

Monardas grow close to water or in damp woodlands. In the garden they do need moist soil. If the ground is short of humus, add plenty of compost or peat at planting time. Mulch the plants in Spring.

Pruning

Cut back the stems to ground level in Autumn.

Tips

Culinarily, its scented leaves and flowers can be used sparingly in salads, stuffings, lemonade and sauces.

Care

Thrives in sun or light shade. May suffer from mildew.

Decorate

As middle or background planting for mixed or perennial borders. Attractive in isolation especially in association with water feature.

Soil

Any moisture-retentive garden soil.



Did you know?

Most plant cells look like little boxes full of green disks. The disks are called chloroplasts. Other organelles inside a plant cell include a nucleus (where the DNA is kept), a large central vacuole (where water and other materials are stored) and a complex internal skeleton or cytoskeleton made of various proteins.