Monarda is an attractive flowering perennial that grows wild in woodlands and by streams. It is also a cultivated ornamental garden plant. The species commonly grown in gardens is Monarda Didyma. The plant's medicinal properties were well known by Native American tribes who extracted and inhaled its oil to soothe bronchial complaints.
Germination Temperature (°F)
Water copiously if the Summer is hot and dry.
Feed with general fertilizer in Spring.
To keep the plants vigorous, lift, divide and then re-plant the clumps every 3 years in Autumn or Spring.
Monardas grow close to water or in damp woodlands. In the garden they do need moist soil. If the ground is short of humus, add plenty of compost or peat at planting time. Mulch the plants in Spring.
Cut back the stems to ground level in Autumn.
Culinarily, its scented leaves and flowers can be used sparingly in salads, stuffings, lemonade and sauces.
Thrives in sun or light shade. May suffer from mildew.
As middle or background planting for mixed or perennial borders. Attractive in isolation especially in association with water feature.
Any moisture-retentive garden soil.
All parts of the oleander (Nerium oleander), a beautiful Mediterranean-native flowering shrub, are poisonous. Ingesting oleander leaves can cause gastrointestinal, cardiac, and central nervous system problems and possible death.