plant image thumbnail
plant image thumbnail
plant image thumbnail
Watercress

English Name

Nasturtium Officinale

Scientific Name

Description

Watercress is an aquatic plant that grows best in standing water. It is mainly cultivated for culinary usage. The spicy bitter greens make a delicious addition to salads, soups and sauces. Watercress is also an enriching source of vitamins and minerals, particularly vitamin C. Its historical use as a tonic and a cleanser makes sense. It stimulates not only the digestion but all major body systems, combating sluggishness and weakness and reinforcing toxin removal from the liver, kidneys and lungs.

Asia

Origin

Brassicaceae

Family

1' - 3'

Height (feet/inches)

Maximum: 3"

Spacing (feet/inches)

Perennial

Life Cycle

Herb

Type

None

Fragrance

Color

Germination

Small seedlings will appear in 10-14 days. When they reach a height of 2 inches, transplant them 2-3 inches apart in a trough or container. . Cover the young plants with half an inch of water.

Propagation

Prepare a tray with a soilless potting mix. Spread out the seeds and cover them completely with potting mix. Put the seeded tray in a large container of fresh water. The seeds must be supplied with fresh water several times a day to keep them permanentaly moist. Can be propagated from cuttings below the leaf nodes, and placed in a box lined with foil and filled halfway with soil. Keep them moist.

Cultivation

Watercress can only be used fresh. The shoots are ready for cutting when they reach a height of 6 inches. Harvest the leaves and the stems throughout Spring, Summer, and Autumn.

Tips

To stimulate digestion: pour 1 cup of boiling water over 1 teaspoon of freshly chopped watercress. Steep for 10 minutes and strain. Drink 1-2 cups daily. For blemishes mash watercress leaves, place the mash on affected areas for 15 minutes. Rinse with cool to lukewarm water.

Care

Stand the pot in a dish of water and change it daily. Work the soil frequently to keep it loose and clear of algae. Pinch off flowers to encourage more stem and leaf growth.



Did you know?

The world's tallest-growing tree is the coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), which grows along the Pacific Coast of the United States, mainly in California. Interestingly enough, it's not the world's oldest-growing tree; that award goes to a bristlecone pine (Pinus aristata).