plant image thumbnail
plant image thumbnail
plant image thumbnail
plant image thumbnail
Peony

English Name

Paeonia Officinalis

Scientific Name

Description

Paeonia Officinalis is a hardy perennial plant, that has huge bowl shaped flowers and open in late Spring or early Summer. There are single and double-flowered forms that most of them are fragrant. Doubles last longer than singles.

Europe

Origin

Paeoniaceae

Family

50°F - 59°F

Germination Temperature (°F)

Minimum: 1 year

Germination Period

1'4" - 3'

Height (feet/inches)

Hardy Perennial

Life Cycle

Spring & Summer

Seasons

Yes

Fragrance

Colors

Environments

Outdoor, Shade, Full Sun & Bedding

Watering

Water when the weather is dry. They require sufficient moisture when they are in active growth. In Winter they do not tolerate wet soil.

Feeding

Fertilize in Spring.

Germination

Sow and just cover seeds with compost. Do not cover seed tray and keep it in light to germinate. Not all seeds will germinate at once.

Propagation

The best method of propagating is by layers in Autumn or Spring. Can also be increased by seed sown in Spring.

Cultivation

Paeonia likes moisture-retentive, well drained nutritious soil, in sun or partial shade, but try to avoid a situation where early morning sun will shine on the plants. It dislikes root disturbance and sometimes take a year or so to get fully established after a move.

Pruning

Deadhead faded blooms and cut back to ground level in Autumn.

Tips

Paeonia makes handsome cut flowers. Cut them as soon as the blooms begin to open and keep them in a dry cool place for 24 hours before putting them in a tall vase well-filled with water.

Care

Early Autumn is the best time for planting, just covering the crowns with soil. If Paeonia is planted too deep, its crown often fails to flower. The buds on the crowns must not be more than 3 cms (1 inch) below the soil surface. Protect the plant in the first Winter after planting, with a thick mulch.

Decorate

Paeonia is best placed in isolation singly or massed in mixed or perennial borders.

Soil

Moderately alkaline to acid, deep, rich soil.



Did you know?

Most plant cells look like little boxes full of green disks. The disks are called chloroplasts. Other organelles inside a plant cell include a nucleus (where the DNA is kept), a large central vacuole (where water and other materials are stored) and a complex internal skeleton or cytoskeleton made of various proteins.