plant image thumbnail
plant image thumbnail
plant image thumbnail
plant image thumbnail
African Voilet

English Name

Saintpaulia Ionantha

Scientific Name

Description

Saintpaulia is a small house plant with single or double flowers. The leaves are generally hairy, round or oval and some of the leaves have interesting patterns on them.

Tanzania

Origin

Gesneriaceae

Family

61°F - 70°F

Temperature (°F)

70°F - 75°F

Germination Temperature (°F)

4" - 6"

Height (feet/inches)

5" - 1'

Spacing (feet/inches)

Perennial

Life Cycle

Flower

Type

Colors

Watering

Water the plant from below and keep the plant evenly moist. Avoid splashing water on the leaves.

Feeding

Feed at every watering all year round with high potash fertilizer at 1/4 strength.

Repotting

Re-pot in Spring using peat-based compost, only when plant looks really overcrowded in the pot.

Propagation

Propagate Saintpaulias from late Winter to Summer. Trim the leaf stalk about 1 - 1 1/2 inches long. Insert 1/2 - 3/4 of the stalk in 2 inches pot of moistened potting mixture of 2 parts sand and 1 part peat. Cover it with plastic bag or in a propagator and put it in bright light. Leaves can be rooted in jars of water and potted as soon as the roots are 1 inch long. Seeds can be sown in warmth.

Cultivation

Saintpaulias need good light but not direct sunlight. During Winter the plant needs 14 hours of light a day. If the plant stops blooming, supplement with artificial light.

Tips

A pinch of Epsom salts added once to the water in early Summer will encourage the plant to flower. Knead aluminium foil around the edge of a clay pot to prevent leaves taking up moisture and rotting.

Care

Keep the plant in small pot, in warmth and in high humidity for good flower production. Gently clean the leaves with a dry soft brush and remove dead flowers.

Decorate

In kitchen, bathroom, lounge, terrarium, window-sill and table-top.

Humidity

The plant needs high humidity, stand it on a tray with moist pebbles.

Soil

Peat-based potting compost.



Did you know?

The world's tallest-growing tree is the coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), which grows along the Pacific Coast of the United States, mainly in California. Interestingly enough, it's not the world's oldest-growing tree; that award goes to a bristlecone pine (Pinus aristata).